What is full-spectrum CBD oil? Advantages and Disadvantages.


A full-spectrum CBD oil, what is it?  How is it different than a normal CBD oil? What are the advantages and disadvantages of full-spectrum CBD oils?

In this article, I want to show you how a full-spectrum CBD oil is different from a normal CBD oil, while answering the questions above in a simple way, so you can get a better understanding about this types of CBD oils.

A full-spectrum CBD oil has some advantages over typical, isolate CBD oil, and because of those advantages, it makes it a kind of “superior” version, compared to normal CBD oils. 

As always, there are two sides of a coin and you will also read about some of the disadvantages, the full-spectrum version might carry.

First let’s start with the basics: What really is a full-spectrum CBD oil? 

A full-spectrum CBD oil is the oil that contains all the cannabinoids, that the hemp has to offer, simply because of the process used for extraction, it is designed to do it in a way that will keep pretty much all the good parts in the end product. 

Sometimes it’s also called a pure-spectrum CBD oil. Both of the names, mean exactly the same things. 

The difference between a full-spectrum CBD oil, compared to a normal one, comes down to the fact that the process used to manufacture it (which has its own name: supercritical CO2 extraction), allows to fully extract all the plant compounds (and there are well over 100+ different cannabinoids in the hemp itself) and is often considered to be more effective than the process used to manufacture a simple CBD isolate oil. 

A notable fact is that due to over 100+ different cannabinoids contained within a full-spectrum CBD product, it offers a bigger range of benefits and works in a more synergetic way (the Entourage Effect), which gives far better benefits that can include, for example:

Improvement in the quality of sleep, helping with pain refill, reducing muscle spasms, restraining the growth of bacteria, curing fungal infections, seizures diminution, favouring bone growth, limiting the growth of cancer cells, inflammation reductions.

Now, that you know some of the basics behind a full-spectrum CBD oils and their manufacturing process that makes them a more superior product,  let’s take a closer look at a list of advantages and disadvantages, that full-spectrum CBD oil can offer.

Advantages of full-spectrum CBD oil:

  • The Entourage Effect – “the sum of all the parts that leads to the magic or power of cannabis”

The term “the Entourage Effect” was discovered and coined by scientists Raphael Machoulam and Shimon Ben-Shabat, back in 1998. Due to the synergy effect of the compounds, a full-spectrum CBD oil which uses whole-plant extract, offers a lot more positive health benefits, due to a stronger cooperative effect of all the cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids, that are already there inside the plant itself.

To make it as simple as possible to understand, it’s like having an All-Stars team playing for you – and they are all cooperating for one goal and scoring a lot more points together, then while “playing” each on their own.

  • A better form of CBD supplementation

Each case of CBD supplementation is, of course, different and while it might not be the truth for everybody, it’s suggested that full-spectrum CBD oils are a lot better form when you need to supplement your body with CBD. 

After all, in order to make a truly full-spectrum CBD oil, the whole plant is used and you are getting far more benefits because of that (plus the Entourage Effect is adding even more to the mix).

  • Can be made at home

While it’s better to find a high-quality full-spectrum CBD oils and stick with the brand you have already tested, the fact that you can make your own full-spectrum CBD oil, simply using alcohol or other solvents and dried hemp plants – makes it something that is an advantage. 

If you can make it yourself at home, it usually indicates that it’s as close to “natural” product as it can get with home-made products.

  • Possibly less side-effects

There is an assumption, that due to the way a full-spectrum CBD oil is made, it may produce fewer side-effects.

Disadvantages of full-spectrum CBD oil:

  • Final cannabinoid concentrations depend highly on the source hemp material

While this is listed as a disadvantage, using a high-quality full-spectrum CBD oil from a good brand that uses only the best hemp as the source for it’s full-spectrum CBD oils makes this irrelevant and not a concern. 

So make sure that the source hemp material used in the CBD oil you are going to buy is really a very good one, so you can get the concentrations of cannabinoids just as you want or need them.

  • May have higher concentrations of THC

As this is basically an extract from the whole plant, there are some concerns about the THC levels – this and the previous point, make it even more important to make sure that the brand you are buying your full-spectrum CBD oils got the knowledge and high-quality source hemp material. 

  • Harder to match the amounts listed on the product labels

Each batch of the product, when we are referring to full-spectrum CBD oils is unique, which can make it a bit harder to match the amounts of particular compounds, as they are listed on the product labels.



Supercritical CO2 extraction of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) seed oil – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0926669015302405

The Entourage Effect – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entourage_effect

The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334252/